Second Science Symposium
January 18 - 21, 2005

Use of Microsatellite Markers Derived from Whole Genome Sequence Data for Identifying Polymorphism in Phytophthora ramorum.

Kelly Ivors, Dept. of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Fletcher, NC 28732; (828)684-3562;; Matteo Garbelotto, Dept. of ESPM-ES, University of California, Berkeley, CA; Ineke De Vries and Peter Bonants, Plant Research International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Investigating the population genetics of Phytophthora ramorum, causal agent of Sudden Oak Death (SOD), is critical to understanding the biology and epidemiology of this important phytopathogen. Raw sequence data (445,000 reads) of P. ramorum were provided by the Joint Genome Institute. Our objective was to develop and utilize Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) techniques for fingerprinting large numbers of P. ramorum isolates originating from different host species within Europe and the United States. Using a computer program developed within Plant Research International, 1334 potential microsatellite loci were identified. Primers were selected from over 110 flanking regions of SSRs and tested in PCR reactions to amplify repeats. Thirty-one polymorphic loci were identified and 14 primer sets were optimized for isolate genotyping. Three loci showed variation among European and US nursery isolates, although no variation was identified among isolates from the wild in the US. This information provided insight regarding the amounts of genetic variation within populations, identified new genotypes, and separated isolates into two distinct lineages correlated with continental provenance.


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Coordinated by:
USDA Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station
University of California Integrated Hardwood Range Management Program,
Center for Forestry, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, and
California Oak Mortality Task Force

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