Second Science Symposium
January 18 - 21, 2005

Phenotypic Variation among Phytophthora ramorum Isolates From California and Oregon

D. Hüberli, T.Y. Harnik, M. Meshriy, L. Miles, & M. Garbelotto; Department of ESPM-ES, 151 Hilgard Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; (510) 643 4282;

Phytophthora ramorum is a pathogen that threatens California’s coastal forest ecosystems and has also been isolated from nurseries and gardens in several European countries. Microsatellite and AFLP analysis has shown there is little genetic variation in populations of P. ramorum from California and Oregon, while there is more variation in Europe. To manage and control P. ramorum, it is important to know the amount of phenotypic variation in California and Oregon. Morphological and pathological phenotypic variation was measured for 12 isolates with different AFLP profiles and 45 isolates from three regions in California. Characters assessed included growth rates on V-8 and corn-meal agar at different temperatures, tolerance to fungicides, sporangia and chlamydospore size, and ability to form lesions on detached leaves of Umbellularia californica and stems of Quercus agrifolia seedlings. Significant variation was found among the isolates in some of the characters measured. Inoculation of both Q. agrifolia and U. californica with a range of isolates of P. ramorum found that pathogenicity varied by up to 10 fold. Isolates that were highly pathogenic on U. californica were also highly pathogenic on Q. agrifolia.


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Coordinated by:
USDA Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station
University of California Integrated Hardwood Range Management Program,
Center for Forestry, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, and
California Oak Mortality Task Force

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